A field of medicine in which a surgeon uses a variety of tools to make incisions—large and/or small—in a patient’s body to investigate, repair, remove, or replace diseased, deformed, or damaged organs or tissues.
Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) Filter Placement and Removal
An IVC is a special basket-like filter to trap blood clots. It can be inserted into the inferior vena cava to prevent pulmonary embolism, but it is important to remove IVC filters as soon as they’re no longer needed to reduce long-term complications.
Reconstructive Urethral Surgery
Because men have a much longer urethra than women, it is more common for men to experience urethral damage requiring surgery. The precipitating condition is often stricture, a urinary blockage that occurs when trauma, inflammation or frequent urinary tract infections lead to a narrowing of one portion of the urethra, causing painful and obstructed urination.